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Water the plants as soon as you get them home. Leave them in the containers until you are ready to plant each one. If the
plants are to be grown in the shade, do not leave them in the hot summer sun for long. If it will be several days before
planting, water the plants each day.
How do I start a flower bed?
If there is severe weed infestation in the area you are preparing for planting, you may want to use a systemic weed killer
such as ‘Roundup’ which works by absorption through the leaves into the weed roots. There are no residual effects if you
wait at least 24 hours from application to soil preparation. Follow all directions on the container carefully. Cultivate the
first 12” of soil by hand or with a tiller. Add organic matter, such as peat moss or weed-free composted waste, and
fertilizer to the soil to provide drainage and nutrients.
There are so many kinds of fertilizers. What do the numbers on the bags mean?
Most fertilizers list the nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium percentages on the label. These are the main nutrients needed
for healthy plants. A 5-10-5 fertilizer contains 5 percent nitrogen, 10 percent phosphorus, and 5 percent potassium.
Nitrogen is required for leaf growth. Phosphorus is necessary for root production and disease resistance. Potassium
regulates water movement and helps with temperature tolerance. The professionals at this nursery can help you select the
fertilizer that is right for your plants. Check the product label for application rates and suggested time frame for
reapplication. Remember that more fertilizer is not better. Be careful not to place fertilizers directly on the plant leaves.
Are there organic fertilizers that I can use to get the same nutrients?
Manure, compost, and blood meal are good sources of nitrogen. Phosphorus can be found in bone meal, fish emulsion,
and compost. Potassium is contained in wood ash in small amounts (not good for alkaline soils), compost, and manure.
How do I space my plants?
When planting a perennial, place it at the same depth as the soil surface in the pot or 1” higher than the surrounding surface
with the soil sloping slightly away from the plant for drainage. Follow the recommended spacing listed on each plant tag
so plants do not crowd as they grow.
How much should I water?
After planting, water the perennials to an equivalent of 1” of rainfall. Soaking the soil collapses air pockets and keeps the
surrounding dry soil from using water meant for new plants. After planting, water regularly. Watering in the morning
allows for absorption before the sun evaporates the moisture.
Should I mulch around my new plants?
Yes! Place up to 2” of mulch around perennials after planting. Mulching slows weed germination, helps retain soil
moisture, and provides nutrients to the soil as it decomposes